Highlights of the bipartisan gun violence bill passed by the Senate

Guns are on display at SP Guns on Thursday, June 23, 2022 in Hempstead, New York. (AP Photo/Brittany Newman)

WASHINGTON (AP) — Highlights of the bipartisan gun violence bill that the Senate approved Thursday and the House was expected to pass Friday:

– Expanded background checks: State and local mental and juvenile health records of gun buyers will be part of federal background checks for buyers aged 18-20. Three days maximum for collection of records extended up to 10 days to search for juvenile data. If 10 days pass without resolution, the sale is concluded.

— “Boyfriend escape”: Convicted perpetrators of domestic violence are denied firearms if they have a “current or past ongoing serious relationship of a romantic or intimate nature” with the victim. Right of abusers to purchase firearms reinstated after five years if no other violent crime has been committed. Guns are currently denied to domestic abusers if they are married to, live with, or have a child with the victim.

— “Red flag” laws: Federal aid to 19 states, plus the District of Columbia, that have laws helping authorities obtain court orders to temporarily remove weapons from people deemed dangerous. These states would need robust processes to challenge the taking of firearms. Other states could use the money for crisis response programs.

— Mental health: expand community behavioral health clinics. Helping states strengthen mental health programs in schools and provide more remote mental health consultations.

— Education: Increases spending on school mental health, crisis intervention, violence prevention programs, mental health worker training and school safety.

— Federally Licensed Gun Dealers: Current law requires those “engaged in the business” of selling firearms to be licensed, which means they must complete background checks. antecedents. Bill defines this as the sale of firearms “primarily to gain a profit” for the purpose of prosecuting people who evade the requirement.

– Gun Dealers: Creates federal crimes for gun dealers and “straw buyers” who buy guns for people who wouldn’t pass background checks. Penalties of up to 25 years in prison. These offenders are now mainly prosecuted for violation of paperwork.

– Cost: The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office estimates $13 billion, mostly for mental health and schools. That’s more than paid for by further delaying a 2020 regulation that never came into effect requiring drugmakers to give discounts to Medicare beneficiaries. This regulation would increase federal health insurance costs.

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